Designing Coercive Institutions in Postconflict Settings
Oct. 24, 2017 | Erica de Bruin, Assistant Professor of Government, Hamilton College
Film Screening: Khoon diy Baarav (“Blood Leaves Its Trail”)
Oct. 4, 2017 | With film-maker Iffat Fatima
The conflict in Kashmir is among the long-standing political conflicts in the world. It has taken a heavy toll on lives, on sanity and on the idea of normalcy. The film Khoon Diy Baarav made over nine years, enters the vexed political scenario in Kashmir through the lives of families of the victims of enforced disappearances. It explores memory as a mode of resistance, constantly confronting reality and morphing from the personal to the political, the individual to the collective.
SPONSORS: INSCT (DAVID F. EVERETT POSTCONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION SPEAKER SERIES) AND MOYNIHAN INSTITUTE OF GLOBAL AFFAIRS
So, You Want to Work in International Development? What Every Job Hunter Should Know
Nov. 3, 2016 | Dana Abro (MPA ’09), Regional Security Adviser, Peace Corps
Corruption: Sand in the Gears of Afghan Reconstruction
Oct. 20, 2016 | John F. Sopko, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction
John F. Sopko was sworn in as Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction on July 2, 2012. Mr. Sopko, appointed to the post by President Obama, has more than 30 years of experience in oversight and investigations as a prosecutor, congressional counsel and senior federal government advisor.
Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction John Sopko was a special guest of INSCT on Oct. 20, 2016. Sopko was accompanied by his Congressional Liaison Alex Hackbarth (MPA/MAIR ’15), an INSCT alumna. Speaking in the Maxwell School, Sopko discussed the oversight role of his organization, its efforts to control corruption in Afghanistan and to account for US aid dollars, and how, when it comes to tracking development efforts, “sunshine is the best disinfectant,” meaning that oversight and the press it generates provide disincentives for corrupt public officials and shady contractors.
“Fight the Disease, Not Just the Symptom: Why Good Governance is Essential to Countering Extremism,” with Sarah Chayes
Feb. 29, 2016 | Sarah Chayes, Senior Associate, Democracy and Rule of Law Program, South Asia Program, Carnegie Endowment
Sarah Chayes is a Senior Associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program and the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment. Formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, she is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations. She is working on correlations between acute public corruption and the rise of militant extremism.
A former reporter, she covered the fall of the Taliban for NPR, then left journalism to remain in Kandahar in order to contribute to the reconstruction of the country, living there almost continuously since December 2001. After running a nongovernmental organization founded by President Karzai’s brother Qayum, Chayes launched a manufacturing cooperativethat produces skin-care products for export from licit local agriculture. The goals were to help revive the region’s historic role in exporting fruit and its derivatives, promote sustainable development, and expand alternatives to the opium economy. Deeply embedded in the life of the city and fluent in Pashtu, Chayes gained a unique perspective on the unfolding war.
In 2009, she was tapped to serve as special adviser to Generals David McKiernan and Stanley McChrystal, commanders of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). She contributed her unique understanding of the Afghan south to the decisionmaking process, built ISAF’s anticorruption policy, and assisted the U.S. embassy in developing an integrated approach to Afghan kleptocracy. In 2010, Chayes became special adviser to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen, contributing to strategic policy on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Arab Spring.
Chayes is author of Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security (Norton, 2015) and The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban (Penguin, 2006). She is a contributing writer for the Los Angeles Times opinion section, and her articles have appeared in The Washington Post, The New York Times, and The Atlantic, among other publications.
“State-Building & Non-State Armed Actors in Somalia,” with Ken Menkhaus
Nov. 3, 2015 | Ken Menkhaus, Professor of Political Science, Davidson College
Ken Menkhaus will discuss his recent research on Somalia; the efforts to build a stable state in this troubled Horn of Africa country, despite ongoing conflict; how the “commodification of security sector work” challenges state-building; and the connection between security and development.
Menkhaus has extensive knowledge of these topics, having served as Special Political Advisor in the UN Operation in Somalia; as a visiting civilian professor at the US Army Peacekeeping Institute in 1994-1995; and as a visiting scholar at the US Army Strategic Studies Institute in 2011-2012. In 2004, he received a United States Institute of Peace grant for his research on armed conflict in the Horn of Africa.
In addition to his extensive academic work, Menkaus continues to do professional work in applied settings, serving as a consultant for the UN, US government, NGOs, and policy research institutes. He’s provided expert testimony on five occasions before Congressional subcommittees, and he has been interviewed by the BBC, CNN, FOX, Al Jazeera, NPR’s All Things Considered, the Voice of America, the Diane Rehm Show, and MSNBC’s Hardball with Chris Matthews, among other media outlets.
Menkhaus has published more than 50 articles, book chapters, and monographs, including Somalia: State Collapse and the Threat of Terrorism (2004); “Governance without Government in Somalia” in International Security (2007); and “State Fragility as Wicked Problem” in PRISM (2010).
Rule of Law Missions in Iraq & Afghanistan
Oct. 6, 2015 | COL Steven Henricks, Army War College Fellow, US Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Col. Steven Henricks discussed Rule of Law missions he has been involved with during his military career, including his observations on tensions between various actors in these missions. Discrete examples from three different units with which he has worked lead to a series of “lessons learned.” He explained how his experiences highlight a need to re-focus Rule of Law efforts with more emphasis on local sensitivities.
Henricks is a 2015-2016 Army War College Fellow at the US Office of the Director of National Intelligence. An experienced military jurist, Henricks’ legal assignments have included Staff Judge Advocate, Combined Joint Task Force 10, Regional Command East, Bagram, Afghanistan (2014); Trial Counsel (Prosecuting Attorney) in the court-martial US v. Major Nidal M. Hasan (2009-13); Acting and Deputy Chief of the Defense Appellate Division, US Army Legal Services Agency (2006-2008); the Chief of Justice for Task Force Band of Brothers, Tikrit, Iraq (2006); Chief of Justice, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) and Fort Campbell, Fort Campbell, Kentucky (2005); and Judge Advocate, Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force—Arabian Peninsula (2004).
Pirates & Militants & Smugglers: What I Did On My (Latest) USG Vacation
March 31, 2015 | CDR John Fritz (JD/MAIR ’06), US Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa
INSCT alumnus CDR John Fritz discussed his experiences with the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA), a dynamic operational headquarters, effectively countering violent extremist organizations in East Africa. A Naval Reserve Officer, Fritz’s latest assignment was as Deputy Director of Plans/Global Force Management and Branch Chief for Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA). Fritz also is an associate attorney with Hamberger & Weiss in Rochester, NY.
Problem: World Disorder/Needed: Guiding Principles for Stabilization & Reconstruction
Oct. 30 2014 | Beth Cole, Director, Office of Civil-Military Cooperation, US Agency for International Development
Beth Cole was appointed as the Director of the Office of Civil-Military Cooperation at the US Agency for International Development (USAID) by President Barack Obama in 2012. In this capacity, she is responsible for managing the relationship between USAID and the US Department of Defense. Cole directs a 47-member staff of Senior Development Advisors posted to the five geographic combatant commands, Special Operations Command, and the Pentagon, as well as military liaisons posted to USAID from the Commands and the Services and a civil and foreign service planning and support staff.
The Future of Stability Operations: Lessons from Afghanistan for Syria, Ukraine, and Beyond
Sept. 16, 2014 | Dr. Paul Miller, Associate Director of the Clements Center for History, Strategy, and Statecraft, University of Texas-Austin
Dr. Paul D. Miller is the Associate Director of the Clements Center for History, Strategy, and Statecraft at The University of Texas at Austin. Previously, he was political scientist in the National Security Research Division at the RAND Corporation. He served as Director for Afghanistan and Pakistan on the National Security Council staff from 2007 through September 2009. Prior to joining RAND, Miller was an assistant professor at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C., where he developed and directed the College of International Security Affairs’ South and Central Asia Program.
Greening in the Red Zone
Feb. 26, 2014 | Keith Tidball, Senior Extension Associate, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University
Keith Tidball, Senior Extension Associate in Cornell University’s Department of Natural Resources, asserts that creating and accessing green spaces confers resilience and recovery in systems disrupted by conflict or disaster. Tidball is the co-editor of Greening in the Red Zone, an edited volume that provides evidence for this assertion through cases studies from Afghanistan, Soweto, New Orleans, Kenya, Cameroon, Cyprus, and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Legal Advice in a Combat Zone: Supporting the Army in Multinational/Joint Forces Combat and Peacekeeping Operations and the Bilateral Security Agreement
Feb. 19, 2014 | COL James McKee (’88, L ’91)
COL James McKee discussed his recent experience as the Deputy Staff Judge Advocate of US Forces-Afghanistan, his role in drafting the Bilateral Security Agreement between the US and Afghanistan, and his work with Deputy US Ambassador James Warlick’s negotiating team.
Making Stability Operations Smarter: Innovations for Fragile Environments
Nov. 12, 2013 | Morgan Courtney, Burma (Mynamar) Engagement Lead, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, US Department of State
Morgan Courtney is the Burma (Myanmar) Engagement Lead at the Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations at the US Department of State (DOS), where she manages a team of conflict specialists in the field and in Washington who focus on peace, conflict, and reconciliation in Burma.
Before this appointment, she served as the Special Assistant to the Special Representative and Policy Coordinator for Burma at the DOS, where she handled a broad array of security, political, economic, and conflict/reconciliation issues at a critical point in Burma’s democratic transition. Before that, she served as a Special Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the Chairman’s Action Group, where she helped to provide guidance on a range of issues, including Syria, the Asia-Pacific rebalance, women in combat, and security assistance reform.
Exposing One of Our Flanks: Failures in US Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan (2001-2012) & Lessons for Future US Foreign Engagements
April 23, 2013 | Erik Leklem, Senior Advisor for Global Defense Reform in the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Partnership Strategy and Stability Operations
The success of US policy in Afghanistan and our reputation in the region is at risk, but in a mission area that is not widely understood: security ministry development and capacity building. Without capable, civilian-led security ministries, Afghanistan’s security forces may be exploited by malign actors, be less combat effective, and fracture along ethnic lines, especially after Transition in 2014.
The Future of Security Sector Reform
April 10, 2012 | Mark Sedra, Senior Fellow, Center for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Research Scholar, University of Waterloo, Canada
Sedra directs all of CIGI’s Security Sector Governance Projects, which produce field-based research and analysis on numerous ongoing war-to-peace transitions, including those in Afghanistan, Burundi, Haiti, Southern Sudan and Timor-Leste. In addition to his work at CIGI, Mark is a research scholar in the University of Waterloo’s department of political science and a faculty member at the Balsillie School of International Affairs. He is a member of the International Security Sector Advisory Team, an initiative developed at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces. He has co-authored two books, served as an editor for two others and produced numerous journal articles, book chapters, policy papers, technical reports and op-eds. Mark has also served as a consultant and adviser to numerous government agencies, intergovernmental bodies and non-governmental organizations, such as DFAIT, the Canadian Ministry of Public Safety, the British Department for International Development and the United Nations.
A Crisis of Trust
April 5, 2012 | A Panel Discussion of the Challenges and Prospects for Sustained Security Force Assistance to Afghanistan
This panel of distinguished subject-matter experts will reflect on their recent experiences working as embedded advisors to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and discuss what is necessary to salvage and regain the trust necessary for any long term strategic partnership and sustained security assistance beyond the projected end of combat operations in 2013.
- Maj. Fernando Lujan, US Army Special Forces Officer and Visiting Fellow, Center for a New American Security; Afghan-Pakistan Hands Program
- Cpt. Tlaloc Cutroneo, US Army Intel Officer; Former Special Operations Police Advisor for Afghan Civil Order Police; and Police Officer (Gang Unit), Boston Police Department
- Cpt. Russell Galeti, US Army Infantry Officer and former Embedded Advisor to Afghan National Army
- Lucas Tomlinson, Research Manager, Human Terrain System, US Department of Defense
Building the Rule of Law from the Bottom-Up
Feb. 15, 2012 | A Video-Teleconference with US Army Brigade Leaders and Afghan Prosecutors
Professor David Crane (College of Law/INSCT) will moderate a video-teleconference with key leaders and JAG officers from the 3rd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division (Fort Drum, NY) and Afghan prosecutors from the Zharay District of Kandahar Province.
Over the past 10 months, 3/10 Mountain has worked tirelessly with their Afghan partners to support capacity- and legitimacy-building efforts in legal institutions at the local level. Recent accomplishments include being one of the first districts to (1) develop a warrant-based system of search and seizure; (2) conduct criminal trials in public; and (3) integrate informal Afghan dispute resolvers (Huquqs) into the legal system to serve as arbitrators and strengthen the link between local Afghans and their government.
UN Perspectives on Postconflict Reconstruction
Dec. 6, 2011 | Pedro Medrano Rojas, Director, World Food Programme’s New York Office
Rojas was appointed Director of the World Food Programme’s New York Office in July 2009. Prior to this appointment, he was the WFP Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean. Earlier, he served as the WFP Representative to India and Regional Manager for Southeast Asia. Medrano previously served as Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Chile to the FAO, IFAD, and WFP in Rome, beginning in 1993 until 1998. Between 1995 and 1997, he was President of the World Committee on Food Security, where he presided over the preparations for the World Food Summit held in November 1996 in Rome, Italy.
Transition & Reconstruction: Evolving US-Afghan Partnerships
Nov. 9, 2011 | Afghan Gov. Iqbal Azizi, Laghman Province, and Miguel Sapp (SU Law ’88; MPA ’89), Director, Laghman Provincial Reconstruction Team
INSCT welcomes Afghan Governor Iqbal Azizi and Miguel Sapp for a discussion on the evolving nature of U.S. and Afghan partnerships.
God Grew Tired of Us
July 13, 2011 | Film Screening
John Dau, Founder, John Dau Foundation (Transforming Healthcare in South Sudan)
Building Capacity & Legitimacy in the Afghan Security Forces: Recent Experiences of the 10th Mountain Division in Afghanistan
April 12, 2011 | Panel Discussion
A panel of key leaders from the 2-22 Infantry Battalion (1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division, Fort Drum), which spent the last year mentoring, instructing, and advising members of the Afghan National Army (ANA) under the charge of the NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan. Members of the panel will share their recent lessons learned in building ANA capacity and legitimacy in the midst of a complex counterinsurgency.
The Role of NGOs in Postconflict Zones
Nov. 30, 2010 | Rudy von Bernuth, Vice President and Managing Director, Children in Emergencies and Crisis, Save the Children,
The Power of Hope
Oct. 18, 2010 | Film Screening
With Gabriel Bol Deng, Founder, Helping Offer Primary Education (HOPE) for Sudan
The UN in Postconflict Countries: Mandates, Missions, & Minefields
April 8, 2010 | Tim Sisk, Director, Center for Sustainable Development and International Peace and Director, Humanitarian Assistance Certificate Program
Professor Tim Sisk discusses UN peace operations and what can be done to dramatically improve the capacity of the UN to more effectively address the challenges of consolidating peace after civil war.
Weak States & Global Threats: What Are the Connections?
Feb. 25, 2010 | Stewart Patrick, Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Particularly since Sept. 11, 2001, it has been commonplace to assert that the main threats to the US and the world community emanate less from great powers than from weak and failing states. Yet surprisingly little empirical research has investigated the precise connections between weak governance in the developing world and today’s main transnational threats. Is it true that state fragility contributes to transnational spillovers like terrorism, WMD proliferation, organized crime, and infectious disease? What is the nature of these linkages—and what can be done about them? Author Stewart Patrick, senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, who will summarize the arguments of his book, Weak Links: Fragile States, Global Threats, and International Security (OUP).
Roles & Perspectives of Non-state Armed Groups in Post-War Security Transition
October 26, 2009 | Veronique Dudouet, Researcher, Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management
Veronique Dudouet is a researcher at the Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management in Berlin, Germany. She will address the roles that rebel and insurgency movements play in the termination of armed conflicts and the building of a more peaceful and stable political and social order. Her presentation will draw on preliminary findings from an ongoing participatory action research project with members of various non-state groups around the globe.
Security First: US Priorities in Israeli-Palestinian Peacemaking
April 17, 2009 | Gen. Montgomery C. Meigs, Ph.D., USA (Ret.), SU Visiting Professor of Strategy & Military Operations
Five Critical Steps for Improving Postconflict Operations
March 2, 2009 | Dr. Karin von Hippel, Co-Director, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project, Center for Strategic and International Studies