Becker Speaker Series

As part of its Program on Security in the Middle East, INSCT hosts renowned scholars and experts to discuss the pressing challenges and complexities of security in the Middle East. Carol Becker speakers present to the SU community and meet with INSCT students to discuss and debate security challenges facing the region.

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2016-2017 Speaker Series

Israel’s Supreme Court Counterterrorism Jurisprudence: Mitigating Harm, But at What Cost?

April 17, 2017 | Yuval Shany, Hersch Lauterpacht Chair in Public International Law, Hebrew University

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Professor Yuval Shany speaks at Syracuse University College of Law on April 17, 2017. Shany, the Hersch Lauterpacht Chair in Public International Law at Hebrew University, spoke about the counterterrorism law challenges that the Israeli Supreme Court have faced from the very inception of the State of Israel. In fact, one of the court’s first significant cases—a military detention case—took place while the 1948 Arab-Israeli War was ongoing.

New Allies in an Ancient Conflict Zone: The Middle East of Today & Tomorrow, with Eitan Dangot

April 4, 2017 | Maj. Gen. Eitan Dangot (Res.), Israeli Defense Forces

On April 4, 2017, INSCT hosted Maj. Gen. Eitan Dangot (Res.), former Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories, for “New Allies in an Ancient Conflict Zone: The Middle East of Today & Tomorrow.” Dangot, who was a military secretary to three Israeli ministers of defense, spoke about the complexities of keeping a strategic and political balance within Israel (with the Palestinian Authority and Hamas in Gaza), with Israel’s immediate neighbors, and in the Middle East as a whole. Speaking to the wider strategic picture. Dangot noted that as ISIS suffers defeats, so the question of how to work with Iran’s regional interests (in Lebanon, Yemen, and elsewhere) is coming to the forefront. On the other hand, Dangot noted that in his experience, Israel’s current relationships with Egypt, Jordan, and the Palestinian Authority (and particularly with its leader Mahmoud Abbas,) are relatively stable and that Egypt in particular has been a useful ally in containing Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip.

Running for Cover: Politics, Justice, and Media in the Syrian Conflict

Oct. 6, 2016 | Syracuse University symposium organized by Newhouse School, Maxwell School, and Syracuse Law

Accountability in the Syrian conflict will be the focus of this daylong event hosted by the Newhouse Center for Global Engagement in the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University. The event will be streamed live at this website and later translated into Arabic. Follow on Twitter at #SUSyria.

The dialogue will analyze the international community’s response to the Syrian conflict and its effects, as well as the challenges to reporting the war, developing political solutions and seeking justice for victims. Participants will also explore how the international community captures news and images from the conflict, investigates alleged war crimes and human rights violations and protects refugees. They also will discuss lessons learned from this conflict that might inform the response to future conflicts … MORE

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INSCT Director William C. Banks speaks on the panel “The Geopolitical Situation in Syria” at Syracuse University’s one-day symposium Running for Cover: Politics, Justice, and the Media in the Syrian Conflict.” Banks gave the standing-room-only audience a run-down of the changing US policy toward Syria, which began with what he called President Barack Obama’s mistake in drawing a line in the sand on the use of chemical weapons. Faced with a war-weary public, skeptical allies, and the entry of Russia into the conflict, America’s efforts had to shift away from an all-out military response toward humanitarian, diplomatic, and covert efforts, along with a push to defeat Islamic State’s incursion into Iraq. With Obama’s term coming to an end, it will fall to a new administration to pick up the military and political threads. The good news is that ISIS has suffered several military defeats. The bad news is that any peace deal and future for Syria will need to bring together what seems to be an insurmountable number of competing geopolitical and state and non-state actors.

To watch the entire symposium, click here for the playlist.

National Security for Israel in an Unstable Middle East: Prospects for a Two-State Reality

Sept. 29, 2016 | Gilead Sher, Director, Center for Applied Negotiations and Senior Research Fellow, Institute for National Security Studies, Tel Aviv University

Gilead Sher heads the Center for Applied Negotiations (CAN) and is a senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) at Tel Aviv University. He was the Head of Bureau and Policy Coordinator of Israel’s former Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Ehud Barak. He served as Chief and co-Chief negotiator in 1999-2001 at the Camp David summit and the Taba talks, as well as in extensive rounds of covert negotiations. He served under Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin as delegate to the 1994-1995 Interim Agreement negotiations with the Palestinians. Sher holds the rank of colonel (reserve), and he is a former brigade commander and deputy division commander in the Armored Corps of the IDF, as well as a military judge.

Sher is an attorney and senior partner in Gilead Sher & Co., Law Offices. His practice areas include corporate law; project finance; international business ventures, investments and transactions; constitutional law; and dispute resolution. Sher’s professional career combines the practice of law, policy planning and implementation, academic research, and involvement in civil society organizations. He is involved in various frameworks that deal with the future of Israel and the Middle East, preparations for regional conflict resolutions, and dialogue with official and non-official interlocutors in Israel and abroad.

Renowned Israeli peace negotiator Gilead Sher was a guest of INSCT on Sept. 29, 2016. Speaking at the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs at the SU Maxwell School, Sher gave an overview of the many attempts to reconcile differences between Israel and Palestine and to finally forge a two-state solution to an intractable conflict. Although the peace process appears to be moribund, Sher noted that many civil society and back-channel efforts toward peace are ongoing, and that both sides are closer to an agreement than one might think by reading the news. Sher ended with his own vision for a peace agreement that offers to Palestine official statehood, to Israel secure borders and the recognition of Arab states, and to both a Jerusalem region that can be shared.
Renowned Israeli peace negotiator Gilead Sher was a guest of INSCT on Sept. 29, 2016. Speaking at the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs at the SU Maxwell School, Sher gave an overview of the many attempts to reconcile differences between Israel and Palestine and to finally forge a two-state solution to an intractable conflict. Although the peace process appears to be moribund, Sher noted that many civil society and back-channel efforts toward peace are ongoing, and that both sides are closer to an agreement than one might think by reading the news. Sher ended with his own vision for a peace agreement that offers to Palestine official statehood, to Israel secure borders and the recognition of Arab states, and to both a Jerusalem region that can be shared.

 

 


2015-2016 Speaker Series

Contemporary Law Issues in the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict, with Eugene Kontorovich

March 3, 2016 | Professor Eugene Kontorovich, Northwestern Law

Eugene Kontorovich is a professor at Northwestern Law whose research spans the fields of constitutional law, international law, and law and economics. He has authored a series of papers that extend “transaction cost” analysis from private law to constitutional law. He speaks and writes about contemporary law issues in the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, including the BDS Movement, Palestinian statehood, and Israel’s borders. Kontorovich is also a leading expert on maritime piracy,  universal jurisdiction, and international criminal law. His scholarship has been relied on in important foreign relations cases in the federal courts, and historic piracy cases in the US and abroad. He is working on a book, Justice at Sea: Piracy and the Limits of International Criminal Law, under contract with Harvard University Press.

INSCT Faculty Member Miriam Elman introduces Professor Eugene Kontorovich of Northwestern Law, who spoke at SU Maxwell School on March 3, 2016. An expert in international law and the law of the sea, Kontorovich discussed the legal roots of the border disputes in Israel/Palestine, from the time of the break up of the Ottoman Empire; to the creation of the British mandate of Trans-Jordan; through the formation of Israel and various wars, truces, and peace treaties; to the present day disputes about settlers in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
INSCT Faculty Member Miriam Elman introduces Professor Eugene Kontorovich of Northwestern Law, who spoke at SU Maxwell School on March 3, 2016. An expert in international law and the law of the sea, Kontorovich discussed the legal roots of the border disputes in Israel/Palestine, from the time of the break up of the Ottoman Empire; to the creation of the British mandate of Trans-Jordan; through the formation of Israel and various wars, truces, and peace treaties; to the present day disputes about settlers in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
 

National Security Challenges for Israel, with Efraim Inbar

Oct. 13, 2015 | Dr. Efraim Inbar, Professor in Political Studies at Bar-Ilan University; Director, Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies; Israel Institute Visiting Professor, Boston University

A Middle East security practitioner and academic, Inbar was educated at the Hebrew University and at the University of Chicago. He served as visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University (2004), at Georgetown University (1991-92), and visiting scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (1996). Inbar was appointed as a Manfred Warner NATO Fellow (1998), was a visiting fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (2000), and was the recipient of the Onassis Fellowship (2003). He often lectures at institutions such as RAND and Harvard, MIT, Columbia, Oxford, and Yale universities.

Inbar’s area of specialization is Middle Eastern strategic issues with a special interest in the politics and strategy of Israeli national security. He has written more than 80 articles and edited 12 books and authored five, most recently Israel’s National Security: Issues and Challenges Since the Yom Kippur War (2008).

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Israeli Targeting & the Law of Armed Conflict, with Maj. JJ Merriam

Oct. 5, 2015 | Maj. John J. (JJ) Merriam, Former Associate Director for Law of Land Warfare, Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, US Naval War College.

JJ Merriam joined the faculty of the Stockton Center for International Law as Associate Director for Land Warfare and Associate Professor in June 2014 after graduating from the Naval War College with highest distinction (first in class). Before coming to the War College, Major Merriam served in a variety of international and operational law positions including as a Special Forces Group Judge Advocate and a Brigade Combat Team Judge Advocate.

Merriam has served in numerous overseas assignments including Germany, Iraq, and Afghanistan. His overseas operational assignments include Deputy Staff Judge Advocate for Joint Special Operations Task Force-Odyssey Dawn during operations in Libya and forward-deployment to Afghanistan as Group Judge Advocate for 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) and to Mosul, Iraq, as Brigade Judge Advocate, 1st Brigade (Stryker), 25th Infantry Division (Light).

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Maj. JJ Merriam, formerly of the US Naval War College, discusses the complexities of the laws of war with students in Professor Bill Banks and Professor Sean O’Keefe’s “Central Challenges in National Security Law and Policy” class.

2014-2015 Speaker Series

Anonymous Soldiers: The Struggle for Israel, 1917-1947

March 18, 2015 | Professor Bruce Hoffman, Director of the Center for Security Studies and Director of the Security Studies Program, Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Washington, DC.

Pulitzer Prize-winning author Bruce Hoffman spoke at the SU College of Law on March 18, 2015 on the subject of his latest book, Anonymous Soldiers: The Struggle for Israel, 1917-1947.

Among the lessons Hoffman gleaned from his extensive research into national archives in the US and Great Britain was the extent to which the assassination of Lord Moyne—British Minister of State in the Middle East and heir to the Guinness brewing empire—in Cairo in 1944 put the wind out of the sails of plan to partition Mandatory Palestine that then-British Prime Minister Winston Churchill strongly supported.

Hoffman contends that Zionist acts such as this assassination—carried out by the Stern Gang, or Lehi—have been viewed by subsequent militant groups around the world as examples of how terrorist tactics can be used to sway the foreign policies of dominant nations and of how these tactics can be seen a necessary part of creating a nation. 

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Israel-Hamas 2014: War, Law, & Legitimacy

Jan. 22, 2015 | Professor Laurie Blank, Clinical Professor of Law, Emory University

Laurie Blank—Clinical Professor of Law at Emory University, an expert on humanitarian law and human rights, and co-author of International Law and Armed Conflict: Fundamental Principles and Contemporary Challenges in the Law of War (Aspen, 2013)—discussed how the recent Israel-Hamas/Gaza conflict illustrates several challenges for the application and evolution of the Laws of War. 

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A Constructive Approach to International Conflicts

Nov. 11, 2014 | Professor Louis Kriesberg, Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies

Lou Kriesberg made two related presentations deriving from his new book—Realizing Peace: A Constructive Conflict Approach (Oxford UP)—to be released in February 2015. The first session provided an introduction to the ever-developing fields of peace studies, conflict resolution, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), and the constructive conflict approach. The second session engaged participants in applying the ideas of the constructive conflict approach to various stages of the many interconnected conflicts in the Middle East.

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2013-2014 Speaker Series

Constitutionalism & the Foundations of the Security State

April 16, 2014 | Aziz Rana, Professor of Law, Cornell University

Scholars generally argue that the culture of American constitutionalism provides a constraint on aggressive national security policies.  Through a close examination of the mass politics of constitutional veneration during and after World War I, Rana highlights instead how discourses of security and constitutional commitment historically emerged in tandem and have had the primary effect of reinforcing rather than checking one another. This effect raises real questions about the political function of constitutionalism in American life and the extent to which civil libertarians should expect constitutional discourses to inhibit security excesses.

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April 10, 2014 | Karima Bennoune, Professor of International Law, UC-Davis School of LawYour Fatwa Does Not Apply Here

The author of Your Fatwa Does Not Apply Here, Karima Bennoune writes about Mahfoud Bennoune, her father, who was an outspoken professor at the University of Algiers. He faced death threats during the 1990s but continued speaking out against fundamentalism and terrorism. Karima set out to meet people who are today doing what her father did, to try to garner for them greater international support than Algerian democrats received during the 1990s.

Karima Bennoune has served as a Center for Women’s Global Leadership delegate to the NGO Forum at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China; as a legal adviser at Amnesty International; and as a visiting professor at the University of Michigan Law School, where she won the L. Hart Wright Award for Excellence in teaching.

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US Policy in a Changing Middle East

Oct. 28, 2013 | Tamara Cofman Wittes, Director & Senior Fellow, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Tamara Cofman Wittes is a Senior Fellow and the Director of the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings. Wittes served as US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern affairs from November of 2009 to January 2012, coordinating UDS policy on democracy and human rights in the Middle East for the State Department. Wittes also oversaw the Middle East Partnership Initiative and served as US Deputy Special Coordinator for Middle East transitions. She was central to organizing the US government’s response to the Arab awakening.

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The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Case Study in Historical Contingency

Oct. 3, 2013 | Ori Swed, University of Texas-Austin

“To truly understand the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, it’s necessary to “get beyond the headlines” and political rhetoric. Join Ori Swed to examine the conflict’s “war of narratives” in its social and historical context and gain new insight into a seemingly intractable struggle.”

Ori Swed is a Ph.D. student in the sociology department at the University of Texas-Austin. His main research area is the interception between culture and conflict in global and historical perspectives. A Graduate Fellow of the Schusterman Center for Jewish Studies and an Israel Institute Doctoral Fellow, Swed’s dissertation examines the influence of NGOs and aid organizations on the conflict dynamics in war zones. Swed received his M.A. in History and a dual B.A in History and Sociology from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel. He is a reserve captain  in the Israel Defense Force.

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2012-2013 Speaker Series

Reconciliation & Afghanistan

April 16, 2013 | Isaac Kfir, Visiting Professor of International Relations and Law, Syracuse University

Isaac Kfir currently teaches International Human Rights Law, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and the Rule of Law, and International Security. He is a Research Associate at INSCT and is a Senior Researcher at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), Herzliya, Israel. Isaac was the 2009-2011 Schusterman Visiting Scholar at Syracuse University.

Combating Hostage Terrorism

March 28, 2013 | CDR Dan O’Shea, Reserve Navy SEAL Officer and Counter-Insurgency Advisor

CDR Dan O’Shea is a qualified Navy SEAL officer and commander in the US Naval Reserves assigned to the US Special Operations Command Naval Reserve Detachment. In July 2004, he established and served as coordinator of the Hostage Working Group at the US Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, planning and coordinating response to every major international kidnapping case. In 2007 he received a Meritorious Citation from the Navy League of the United States, the organization’s highest award. Currently, O’Shea is an adjunct lecturer at Joint Special Operations University and a fellow at the Center for Advanced Defense Studies in Washington, DC.


2011-2012 Speaker Series

Scholars, politicians, and citizens have long bemoaned the seemingly inescapable narrative of conflict between Israel and its neighbors. The 2012 speaker series starts with the idea that the region needs to escape its traditional security focused narratives to escape the conflict. Israelis identify themselves as Jews, soldiers, and global entrepreneurs. Is there a way to frame their connection to the land and to each other that would facilitate the peace process? Can Israelis and their neighbors rethink their worldviews in order to envision the Middle East at peace?

Involving Non-State Actors in Law-Making: Self-Regulation in Private Security & Military Industries

Oct. 17, 2012 | Daphné Richemond-Barak, Radzyner School of Law, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, Israel

Richemond-Barak holds a Maitrise from Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II); a Diploma in Legal Studies from Oxford University (Hertford College); an LL.M. from Yale Law School; and a Ph.D. from Tel Aviv University. She was awarded the Fulbright Scholarship, and was a recipient of the European Commission Scholarship, the Hertford College Prize, and the Oxford Prize for Distinction. Prior to joining the IDC, Dr. Richemond-Barak served as a clerk at the International Court of Justice, and worked as an attorney in the New York office of Cleary Gottlieb.

Policing in a Divided Society: The Case of Israel

April 4, 2012 | Uri Gopher,Director of Policy Change, Arab Society-Police Relations Initiative at Abraham Fund

Gopher has been working since 1998 to promote Arab-Jewish relations in Israel, focusing on the formation and implementation of public policy that promotes civic equality, inclusion and governmental accountability.

Media, Society, & Politics in Israel

March 27, 2012 | Matt Evans, Assistant Professor of Political Science at Penn State University

Evans has published books and articles on government and public policy in the Middle East. His is also co-editor of an anthology entitled Reform and Democracy in Local Government of Countries in Transformation (2007).

Economic Post-Zionism

Feb. 28, 2012 | Nahshon Perez, Schusterman Visiting Professor at the Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies, Boston University

Nahshon Perez teaches at Boston University classes on the history of Zionism, the politics and society of the state of Israel, and the Zionist Ideology.

Perez has two academic fields: contemporary Israel and political theory. Perez’s research on contemporary Israel includes articles dealing with topics such as preferential treatment in the Israeli society granted to veterans of national service and the Israeli Defense Force (published in Israel Affairs) and the debate surrounding the Law of Return (published in Modern Judaism).

As a political theorist, Perez major research examines inter-generational claims for compensation for past wrongs. His book, Freedom from Past Injustices: A Critical Evaluation of Claims for Inter-Generational Reparations is forthcoming with Edinburgh University Press.

Mental Maps, Mideast Peace: Evolving Israeli Perspectives of Their Borders

Feb. 8, 2012 | William Miles, Professor of Political Science and former Stotsky Professor of Jewish Historical and Cultural Studies, Northeastern University, Boston, MA

William Miles’ nine books include Zion in the Desert: American Jews in Israel’s Reform Kibbutzim, which was a 2007 National Jewish Book Award finalist. His articles on Israel and Judaica have appeared in such journals as Shofar, Midstream, Middle East Journal, Israel Affairs, Journal of Holocaust Education, and The Journal of Modern Jewish Studies. Recipient of five Fulbright research awards, William Miles is also past winner of the National Bible Contest for North America.


2010-2011 Speaker Series

Power, Norms, and Time: Analytical Perspectives of the Israeli-Palestinian Impasse

With Ehud Eiran, Associate, Belfer Center International Security Program, Harvard University

Religious Extremism

With Professor Amos Guiora

Evolution and Institutionalization of a Culture of Conflict

With Professor Daniel Bar-Tal, Branco Weiss Professor of Research in Child Development and Education at the School of Education, Tel Aviv University